In the last part of this blog we talked about education, and how educational models have shaped the say we transfer knowledge among generations. But now it is time to talk more deeply about Education 4.0.
We had previously defined Education 4.0 as an educational model that is focused on using technology to help students learn theory, as well as to gain realistic practice and experience in order to develop their skills. However, we must also point out the fact that Education 4.0 was born from Industry 4.0
Actually, the concept Industry 4.0 (I4.0) was created and enhanced by Germany in 2010, as a strategy to improve competitiveness in business production, which was weakened by those emergent countries with low labour costs. The goal was to offer an innovative industry close to the customers, with customized products and solutions produced in smaller batches, at the same production and service times than mass production lines in emergent countries. This is now possible thanks to the use of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the manufacturing, business and industrial processes. The main ICTs of the I4.0, which are also called Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) are: Cloud computing, Big data, Cybersecurity, Digital Twins, Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial ingelligence, Additive manufactuting, Cyberphysical Systems, Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality.
Furthermore, the implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies has significantly advanced through the past 12 years. As a result, the rate in which industry changes is quickly increasing and is affecting developed countries as much as emerging countries, because it takes longer to Education 3.0 to produce prepared workforce than the industry to change. Hence, Education 4.0 is born from the necessity of industry to have an educational model that is able to re-skill students and workforce faster than ever, where students are able to learn and to practice whatever they need on demand.
Allowing everyone to upgrade their skills on demand is the main challenge of Education 4.0, creating a knowledge-based society is the main objective of Education 4.0. If you didn’t know it yet, a knowledge-based society is a society that relies on the knowledge of its highly educated citizens to foster innovation, entrepreneurship and dynamic economic development.
Through Education 4.0, the desirable skills of graduates can be improved, making them innovative and creative employees; with the ability to adapt to the use of new technologies. Some of the characteristics of Education 4.0 are the following:
· The basis of teaching is the cooperation between teacher and student.
· The main way of learning is through communication.
· Problem solving is exercised as close to real life as possible.
· One of the main drivers of learning is games and the creation of real environments.
· The use of ICT as a tool for accessing, creating, organizing and disseminating content.
What do you think, can you imagine learning and increasing your skills in engineering, marketing or even sales whevener you want? As you can see, thanks to Education 4.0 now this is possible! However, let me present you a concrete example so you can have a very precise idea on how applied Education 4.0 looks like. So let’s go, I invite you to read the 3rd and last part of this blog article.